The Aipan Art

The folk-art of Uttarakhand

Aipan is a folk art practised mainly during auspicious occasions in the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand. The word AIPAN is derived from a Sanskrit word called Lepana which means to paint or to plaster. The original art form involves drawing on the floor or on wooden chowkis (boards) with a red substance called geru (Ochre) and a paste made of rice flour called vishwar. In ancient Uttarakhand, the mothers taught their daughters to draw Aipan. The art was practised during festivals like Makar Sankranti, Diwali and Ganesh Chaturthi.

A new and interesting art form of Aipan has emerged recently where the designs are drawn using synthetic paints. The modern Aipan art looks similar to much-known Mandana and rangoli arts practised in other parts of India. It is believed that drawing Aipan attracts prosperity and well-being of the family members.

The Aipan art was practised widely in the past but seems to lose its relevance with time as it involves much time and skills. The government of Uttarakhand formed the Uttarakhand Handloom and Handicraft Development Council to promote Aipan art in Uttarakhand. TAR Chopta supports the initiative of the Uttarakhand government and keeps its actions based on reviving the lost art. Click here to know more about our initiatives.